Answer: It is the link between donor and recipient /eye surgeon. It is an organization recognized by the government to collect and distribute human eyes to those requiring corneal transplantation.
Answer: The cornea is a clear dome shaped outermost layer that covers the front black portion of the eye.
Answer: As long as the cornea remains transparent, light can pass through it and the person can see. Sometimes the cornea becomes opaque or cloudy (when it is damaged) or loses its transparency following trauma, infection or other diseases. A person with an opaque cornea cannot see; this condition is known as corneal blindness.
Answer: A corneal blind person can see again through a surgical procedure known as corneal transplantation wherein the damaged cornea is replaced with a healthy cornea from a deceased donor.
Answer: Persons of any age, those who use spectacles, as well as those with diabetes or hypertension can donate their eyes after death. Persons below 18 years of age need an authorization from their parent or guardian for donating eyes. The consent of the next of kin is essential for removing the cornea after the donor’s death.
Answer: Yes, the eyes – or the corneal tissue – are removed only after death at the donor’s home or hospital. Even if the donor has not pledged to donate eyes in his/her lifetime, the consent of family members is enough to make an eye donation.
Answer: The cornea should be removed within 6-8 hours of death.
Answer: No, the Eye Bank team will go to the donor’s residence or the hospital and perform the corneal excision.
Answer: No, removing the cornea does not cause any disfigurement; a transparent eye cap is placed in the eye in place of the removed cornea.
Answer: No, the procedure takes only 20 minutes and family members can proceed with the funeral arrangements as planned.
Answer: Currently, the supply of donor eyes does not meet the demand. It is estimated that over three million people in our country suffer from corneal blindness, 60% of those requiring corneal transplants are below the age of 12. We need two lakh corneal transplants every year, but only 10,000 surgeries are performed.
Answer: The Eye Bank uses a simple procedure known as in situ corneal excision . This involves removing only the cornea from the eye of the donor. The excised cornea is kept in a preservative called the M K medium (developed by Ramayamma International Eye Bank, LVPEI) and stored in the refrigerator until it is used for surgery.
Answer: No. Both these conditions relate to the lens of the eye and not the cornea.
Answer: Corneas of persons suffering from AIDS, jaundice, rabies, syphilis, tetanus, septicemia and viral diseases are considered unfit for donation.
Answer: A cornea does not have direct blood supply. Therefore the risk of rejection is very low. If rejection occurs, it can be suppressed by timely medication.
Answer: Corneas that are rejected for technical reasons are used for research.
Answer: No. The Donor – recipients information is maintained confidential.
Answer: No. It is illegal to buy or sell human eyes, organs or tissues. Any cost involved with cornea retrieval is borne by the eye ban